Risk Factors

Some risk factors of heart disease and stroke can’t be changed such as increasing age, being male and heredity. However, most of the major risk factors can be changed and can reduce your risk of heart disease and stroke. The major risk factors you can change include:

  • High Blood Pressure
  • High Blood Cholesterol
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Overweight and Obesity
  • Physical Inactivity
  • Unhealthy Dietary Habits


Coronary Heart Disease

Heart Disease refers to several types of heart conditions. The most common type in the U.S. is coronary heart disease (CHD), which can cause heart attack, angina, heart failure and arrhythmias. CHD occurs when the arteries that supply blood to the heart become hardened and narrowed due to the buildup of cholesterol. CHD is a leading cause of death in Kansas.


Stroke occurs when a blood vessel that supplies oxygen and nutrients to the brain bursts or is blocked by a blood clot or some other mass. The rupture or blockage interrupts blood supply to the brain leading to death of brain cells within short time. This results in loss or change in body functions or death.

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