Risk Factors


Some risk factors of diabetes can’t be changed such as increasing age, race and ethnicity, and family history. However, there are two major risk factors for Type 2 diabetes that you can change - exercise and maintaining a healthy weight.

Exercise - making exercise a normal part of life can help lower the risk of diabetes. 30 minutes of moderate exercise most days of the week is the goal. However, if 30 minutes is too much, then start light and build up the amount and intensity of exercise. Always consult a qualified medical professional before beginning any nutritional or exercise program.  

Maintaining a healthy weight - being overweight increases the risk of developing diabetes. If you are overweight, a weight loss of 5-10% of body weight will lower your risk for diabetes.

 

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Diabetes Facts

Diabetes is a disease marked by high blood sugar levels caused by a lack of insulin or the body’s resistance to the effects of insulin. Insulin is the hormone produced by the body to convert sugar and starches into the energy necessary for daily life.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and was previously known as juvenile diabetes. Only 5% of people with diabetes have this form of the disease.

In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. With the help of insulin therapy and other treatments, even young children can learn to manage their condition and live long, healthy lives.

Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes is a problem with your body that causes blood glucose (sugar) levels to rise higher than normal. This is also called hyperglycemia. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes.

If you have type 2 diabetes your body does not use insulin properly. This is called insulin resistance. At first, your pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it. But, over time it isn't able to keep up and can't make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose at normal levels.

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